Abscess Boils-Causes and Treatments
Skin abscess implies pus-filled pockets of infection beneath the skin. Skin abscess is of different types. For the sake of convenience they are all clubbed under the name boil. Skin abscess is synonymous to boil.
Boil abscess ranges between the mild furuncles to the complicated carbuncles. They also include the cystic acne caused by the clogging of the sebaceous glands mostly in the adolescents as well as the pilonidal cysts which occur along the buttock crease. The eye stye is also an abscess which affects the hair follicles of the eye lashes.
Boil skin abscess have the following symptoms:
- The area where the infection is located gets red and itchy.
- The inflamed area develops a nodule.
- A small bump develops eventually which is surrounded by red and tense skin.
- The nodule increases in size depending upon the severity of the infection.
- The module develops pus which imparts a white tinge to the boils.
- The boil forms a pustule from where the pus within it leaks out.
- The boil gets dried up after it has drained completely.
The life-cycle of the boils is more or less same in all of them besides a few.
In some boils the infection is deep-seated, so the boil takes prolonged time to get healed.
Some of the boils can become as big as a golf ball and quite painful. There are others which do not ripen quickly. Such boils need some form of treatment for their recovery.
The treatment for such boils can be classified into the following broad categories:
- Home remedies
- Medical treatment
- Alternative remedies
The home remedies include the use of various poultices made from natural ingredients and heat application. Such treatment is effective and can be done in the privacy of ones home. The poultice can be made from milk cream, bread slice soaked in milk, cabbage leaves which are boiled and smashes, turmeric paste and a whole lot of other substances. These poultices are usually warm and they help in bringing more white blood cells to the boils abscesses. This helps the body in killing the bacteria easily and controlling the infection.
The medical treatment for such boils abscess involves a minor surgery called lancing. The lancing or boil draining is also done after the boil has developed a head. A slight incision is made on the boil after numbing the area to facilitate the extraction of the pus. Antibiotics are prescribed by the doctors after lancing the boil to control the bacteria from spreading.
The alternative remedies for curing boils include aromatherapy, homeopathy, naturopathy etc.
Boils and abscesses should never be neglected or dealt with carelessly because they tend to spread. They can contaminate the nearby skin area as well as other people who come in contact with the bacteria. These bacteria may spread through towels, nose-picking, using bath-tubs and touching the boils with bare hands and not washing them later on.
At certain times, the boils are not caused by external factors such as splinters or bacterial entry via cuts etc but due to some underlying as well as internal issues. The symptoms of such boils may be either red streaks surrounding the boil, chills and fever, boils along with diabetes or recurrent boils. These symptoms call for immediate medical supervision.